Treen History

  • Treen Box & Pallet


    Treen Box & Pallet Inc is a leading full service manufacturer and distributor of both new and reconditioned pallets, wooden containers, military packaging, pallet wrapping equipment and supplies, with the corporate office located in Bensalem, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. Treen has multiple manufacturing facilities in Pennsylvania, Ohio, and New England. The proximity of our manufacturing plants enables us to provide customers with prompt and reliable service. We are proud to a member since 1959 of the National Wooden Pallet and Container Association (NWPCA) which promotes the design, manufacture, distribution, recycling and sale of wooden pallets and containers. The Association’s standards for excellence and professionalism ensure proper training and education throughout the industry.


    Philadelphia bottlers began using Treen wooden boxes as early as the 1890’s. When the United States of America entered World War II, Uncle Sam turned to Treen to make military supply overseas more efficient. Wooden pallets and containers helped move all kinds of supplies to support the worldwide war effort. Since that time, Treen has sustained a reputation for rugged, military strength pallets and wooden containers and now distributes all types of industrial logistical packaging efficiently and effectively with a customer focus.

    Fortunately for our customers, our experience and facility in wood pallet and box manufacturing enables us to fill any custom, specialized container needs, and Treen's vendor associations enable service of special pallets, box logistical requirements, mixed truckloads and consignments to name a few services.

    Treen has grown from its’ humble beginnings as the Philadelphia area box and pallet manufacturer to servicing established distribution channels in the Mid-Atlantic, New England, Midwest regions and over recent decades - the entire United States of America.

  • Products & Services

    Manufacturers of Industrial Wood Packaging for over 100+ years

    • New Pallets

      New Pallets

      GMA Style, Stringer, Block and Plywood Pallets.

      more info
    • Reconditioned Pallets

      Reconditioned Pallets

      Club Store, Grade A, Grade B, Euros and Custom Sizes

      more info
    • Wooden Bulk Bins

      Wooden Bulk Bins

      Fruit & Vegetable, Rigid & Collapsible, All Custom Made.

      more info
    • Heat Treatment

      Heat Treatment

      To prevent the worldwide spread of plant pests and diseases.

      more info
    • Military Packaging

      Military Packaging

      Pallets, Ammunition Boxes, Crates, & Custom Containers.

      more info
    • Nitech Stretch Wrappers

      Nitech Wrappers

      Authorized Nitech Dealer/Servicer, Stretch film and Net Wrap.

      more info
    • Vendor Managed Inventory

      Managed Inventory

      Benefit from reduced maintenance & better control.

      more info
    • Pallet Design Services

      Pallet Design Services

      Certified in PDS 3D Design & Engineering Tool for Wood Pallets.

      more info
  • New Pallets

    Treen Box & Pallet, Inc. manufactures and delivers over 200 truckloads of standard and specialty pallets, custom containers and other shipping support goods per week to industrial customers serving the entire USA and overseas markets.

    Treen is a member of the National Wooden Pallet and Container Association (NWPCA). The association's standards for excellence promote best practices in the design, manufacture, distribution, recycling and sale of pallets and containers.

    New Pallets

    Pallet Drawing

    Built To Your Specifications

    Treen uses the latest 3-D design and engineering tool for wood pallets and unit loads, Pallet Design System (PDS), to help our certified users to select the most efficient pallet design for a particular unit load supply chain logistic requirement. PDS helps our pallet designers diagnose problem areas in existing configurations, offer alternatives and assist in efficient pallet design. Contact us today to have one of our industrial packaging professionals come to your site to review your needs. (215) 639-5100

    Pallet Types

    • Complete Unit Load Design & Analysis
    • Stringer, Block & Plywood Pallets
    • Custom Pallets, Skids & Crates
    • GMA (48x40) & Club Store Style
    • Dry Pallets
    • Machine and Hand Built
    • Heat Treat Certified for Export
    • CAD Design Services, Strength & Durability Analysis
    • Built to your specifications

    Request A Quote
  • Reconditioned Pallets

    With our vast network of recyclers throughout the
    country, Treen can service all your recycling needs

    Treen's deep relationships with our vast network of recyclers throughout the country ensures consistent quality and service to all your recycling needs. All of our reconditioned and recycled pallets go through a thorough inspection and repair based on the NWPCA's standards and graded as such:

    Pallet Grades

    Club Store Pallet

    This pallet has GMA board configuration. Top and bottom lead boards are 5 1/2". It has no visible signs of repair. Bright wood color. Minimal damage to wood. It is extremely difficult to find enough completely hardwood premium pallets to satisfy the increasing demand for such pallets. Regardless of claims made, most loads of premium pallets will contain some pine materials.

    Standard Grade A (#1) Pallet

    The most common type of #1 pallet, this pallet may or may not have a GMA board configuration. It may have 3 1/2” or 5 1/2" lead boards. Deck boards are a minimum of 3 ½” wide. Stringers can be hardwood or pine. Stringers may be repaired with metal plates and, in some cases, corrugated metal fasteners or staples. May have pine deckboards.

    Grade B (#2) Pallet

    Some portion of an original stringer is either cracked or missing and a reinforcing piece of wood, called a sister stringer or repair block, has been added to the original stinger. This makes for a solid structural repair that spans the notch on the original stringer. These pallets are our most economical pallet.

    All pallets that go through our recycling facilities either get repaired, remanufactured or ground up for
    mulch or biofuel. All pallets and/or pallet parts will be recycled completely never ending up in a landfill.

  • Wooden Bulk Bins

    Designed To Protect Your Product From Harvest To Market


    Collapsible Bin
    • 47” X 43” Footprint (10BU & 20BU)
    • Double Faced Base (5” height)
    • Single Faced Base (3 3/4” height)
    • 10BU Panels (12 1/2” height)
    • 20BU Panels (25” height)

    Notched Corner Post Bins

    Collapsible Bin
    • Knocked Down or Assembled
    • Routed Top Cleat
    • Notched Corner Post
    • Set On Deck
    • Center 2x4 or Flat 1x4 Runner
    • Galvanized Corner Irons
    • Bolted Assembly
    • Multi-Truck Load & Off Season Discounts

    Custom Bins & Store Displays

    Display Bins
    • False Bottoms
    • Custom Designs
    • 48x40 Footprint
    • Set On Deck
    • Center 2x4 or Flat 1x4 Runner
    • Galvanized Corner Irons
    • Bolted Assembly
    • Volume Discounts For National Brands
  • Heat Treatment

    ISPM15 Compliant Heat Treated Pallets

    International Standards For Phytosanitary Measures No. 15 (ISPM 15) is an International Phytosanitary Measure developed by the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) that directly addresses the need to treat wood materials of a thickness greater than 6mm, used to ship products between countries. Its main purpose is to prevent the international transport and spread of disease and insects that could negatively affect plants or ecosystems. ISPM 15 affects all wood packaging material (pallets, crates, dunnages, etc.) requiring that they be debarked and then heat treated or fumigated with methyl bromide and stamped or branded with a mark of compliance. This mark of compliance is known as the "wheat stamp". Products exempt from the ISPM 15 are made from alternative material, like paper, plastic or wood panel products (i.e. OSB, hardboard, and plywood).


    Latin America
    • Argentina
    • Brazil
    • Bolivia
    • Chile
    • Colombia
    • Costa Rica
    • Cuba
    • Dominican Republic
    • Ecuador
    • Guatemala
    • Honduras
    • Jamaica
    • Nicaragua
    • Paraguay
    • Peru
    • Trinidad & Tobago
    • Venezuela
    North America
    • United States
    • Canada
    • Mexico

    • Bulgaria
    • European Union
    • Norway
    • Switzerland
    • Turkey
    • Ukraine

    • Egypt
    • Kenya
    • Nigeria
    • Senegal
    • Seychelles
    • South Africa
    • Tanzania
    Asia Pacific
    • Australia
    • China
    • India
    • Indonesia
    • Israel
    • Japan
    • Jordan
    • Lebanon
    • Malaysia
    • New Zealand
    • Oman
    • Philippines
    • South Korea
    • Sri Lanka
    • Syria
    • Taiwan
    • Thailand
    • Vietnam

    Links to additional ISPM15 Information

    IPPC Website

    ISPM Revision 2009

  • Military Packaging

    Specializing in Military/Government Specification Packaging and D.O.T. Containers

    Wood Boxes & Cleated Containers

    Designed and manufactured for a wide variety of commercial and government requirements.

    Shipping & Storage Containers/Crates

    Designed to ensure safe movement of your products through production and delivery.

    Pallets & Skids

    Manufactured to meet you specific requirements.

    All Military & Gov't Specs

    • NN-P-71
    • MIL-P-15011
    • BLOCK
  • Authorized Nitech Dealer

    Stretch wrapping uses plastic stretch film to secure and contain products more productively and economically than in the past. Designed as a replacement for bulky and costly packaging methods such as tapes, crating, shrinking, corrugated cartons, metal and plastic strapping, plastic foams, and plastic bags.

    Click here to view our line of High Profile Wrappers

    Click here to view our line of Low Profile Wrappers

    Stretch wrapping can be divided into five distinct categories. The five basic categories are Compression, Suspension, Protection, Stabilization and Unitization.

    • Compression
      • Compression packaging uses the load force of stretch film to tightly bind products together, forming a more compact, space-saving package. Products such as ready to assemble furniture, textiles and foam products.

    • Suspension
      • Suspension packaging is used to secure heavy products of any shape to a stable platform. Common uses are to stabilize products such as motors and heavy mechanical components.

    • Protection
      • Protection provides products with surface protection from dirt, moisture, scratches and abrasive blows. Common uses are furniture, electronics and window assemblies.

    • Stabilization
      • Stabilization provides stability for products that our transported short distances. Common uses include local deliveries and in-plant transporting.

    • Unitization
      • Unitization bundles many loose items together into a single unit load. Common uses include bagged product such as feed or seed, bottled beverages and corrugated boxes that range in size and shape.
  • -->
  • Authorized Nitech Dealer & Servicing Partner

    High Profile Wrappers

    • 77201 High Profile Turntable


      High Profile Turntable

      more info
    • 77201-V High Profile Turntable


      Variable Speed Basic Turntable

      more info
    • 77203-AW High Profile Turntable


      Fixed Speed w/Pendant Control

      more info
    • 77205 High Profile Turntable


      Variable Speed Quick-Load Film

      more info
    • 77205-V High Profile Turntable


      Variable Speed Turntable

      more info
    • 77205-VM High Profile Turntable


      Semi-automatic Stretch Wrapper

      more info
    • 77205D High Profile Turntable


      Electro Mechanical Brake Motor

      more info
    • 77205D-RBM High Profile Turntable


      Turn-n-Wrap Semi-Automatic

      more info
    • PT20/20-RBM High Profile Turntable


      The New PT20/20 Stretch Wrapper

      more info
    • 77205D-PS High Profile Turntable


      200% Powered Pre-Stretch

      more info
    • PT20/20-UTS High Profile Turntable


      PT20/20 UTS Stretch Wrapper

      more info
    • Call (215) 639-5100 For A Quote

      Call (215) 639-5100

      Choose a machine, call us and get a quote today!

  • Authorized Nitech Dealer & Servicing Partner

    Low Profile Wrappers

    • 77201E-LPV Low Profile Turntable


      Switch Operated Variable Speed

      more info
    • 77201-LPV Low Profile Turntable


      Variable Speed Basic Turntable

      more info
    • 77203-LPAW Low Profile Turntable


      Turntable with Pendant Control

      more info
    • 77204-LPV Low Profile Turntable


      Toggle Switch Operated

      more info
    • 77205-LPV Low Profile Turntable


      Quick-Load Film Dispenser

      more info
    • 77204-LPVM Low Profile Turntable


      Semi-Automatic Stretch Wrapper

      more info
    • 77205-LPVM Low Profile Turntable


      Quick-Load Film Dispenser

      more info
    • 77205D-LP Low Profile Turntable


      Semi-Automatic Stretch Wrapper

      more info
    • 77204D-LPRBM Low Profile Turntable


      Turn-n-Wrap Economy Wrapper

      more info
    • 77205D-LPRBM Low Profile Turntable


      Magnetic Particle Brake Roller

      more info
    • LP20/20-RBM Low Profile Turntable


      The New LP20/20 Stretch Wrapper

      more info
    • 77205D-LP-PS Low Profile Turntable


      200% Powered Pre-Stretch

      more info
    • LP20/20-UTS Low Profile Turntable


      LP20/20 UTS Stretch Wrapper

      more info
    • Call (215) 639-5100 For A Quote

      Call (215) 639-5100

      Choose a machine, call us and get a quote today!

  • Vendor Managed Inventory

    Vendor-managed inventory (VMI) is a family of business models in which the buyer of a product provides certain information to a supplier of that product and the supplier takes full responsibility for maintaining an agreed inventory of the material, usually at the buyer's consumption location (usually a store). A third-party logistics provider can also be involved to make sure that the buyer has the required level of inventory by adjusting the demand and supply gaps.

    As a symbiotic relationship, VMI makes it less likely that a business will unintentionally become out of stock of a good and reduces inventory in the supply chain. Furthermore, vendor (supplier) representatives in a store benefit the vendor by ensuring the product is properly displayed and store staff are familiar with the features of the product line, all the while helping to clean and organize their product lines for the store.

    One of the keys to making VMI work is shared risk. In some cases, if the inventory does not sell, the vendor (supplier) will repurchase the product from the buyer (retailer). In other cases, the product may be in the possession of the retailer but is not owned by the retailer until the sale takes place, meaning that the retailer simply houses (and assists with the sale of) the product in exchange for a predetermined commission or profit (sometimes referred to as consignment stock). A special form of this commission business is scan-based trading whereas VMI is usually applied but not mandatory to be used.

    This is one of the successful business models used by Wal-Mart and many other big box retailers. Oil companies often use technology to manage the gasoline inventories at the service stations that they supply (see Petrolsoft Corporation). Home Depot uses the technique with larger suppliers of manufactured goods (i.e. Moen, Delta, RIDGID, Paulin). VMI helps foster a closer understanding between the supplier and manufacturer by using Electronic Data Interchange formats, EDI software and statistical methodologies to forecast and maintain correct inventory in the supply chain.

    Vendors benefit from more control of displays and more customer contact for their employees; retailers benefit from reduced risk, better store staff knowledge (which builds brand loyalty for both the vendor and the retailer), and reduced display maintenance outlays.

    Consumers benefit from knowledgeable store staff who are in frequent and familiar contact with manufacturer (vendor) representatives when parts or service are required. Store staff have good knowledge of most product lines offered by the entire range of vendors. They can help the consumer choose from competing products for items most suited to them and offer service support being offered by the store.

  • The Pallet Design System (PDS)

    3-D Engineering Tool For Wood Pallets

    PDS Version 5.0 contains new structural analysis models that are based on state-of-the-art wood pallet design, all relevant historical data and the latest laboratory and field test data. During NWPCA’s 30+ years of R&D, the structural analysis capabilities in PDS have continually evolved, and the determination of safe working load levels has been continually monitored.

    PDS Version 5.0 enables structural analysis of wood pallets with two-to-nine stringers, two-to-29 top and/or bottom deckboards, two-to-seven blocks along stringerboards and two-to-nine rows of stringerboards/blocks across the pallet width. Essentially, PDS Version 5.0 enables pallet manufacturers to specify, draw and analyze performance of almost any wood pallet design.

    PDS Version 5.0 can analyze pallets stored in overhead racks with two-beam, three-beam or shelf support of the pallet. Performance of pallets in ASRS systems, which are sensitive to deflection, can be evaluated. Four-corner support and lifting and handling of pallets with forklift can be analyzed. Stacking multiple unit loads in the warehouse or during shipping can be evaluated.

    In addition, PDS Version 5.0 now enables pallet manufacturers to specify and draw the entire “unit load” – consisting of the pallet, containers and load stabilizers. Available container types include: corrugated boxes; steel, plastic and fiber drums; plastic and steel pails; paper, plastic and textile bags of all tube and end styles; rectangular and octagonal bulk bins; and bulk bags. Available load stabilizers include: plastic and steel strapping; strap protectors, corner protectors and top edge protectors; stretch and shrink wrap; top frames, top caps, top sheets, pallet barrier sheets and tie sheets between layers.

    PDS Version 5.0 computes and displays all possible stacking patterns for a layer of containers on the pallet, and calculate the footprint efficiency for each possible configuration. Stacking multiple layers of containers is displayed, with either interlock or column stacking for boxes and bags, and the overall dimensions and weight of the unit load calculated.

    The interface of the top deck of the pallet and bottom layer of containers is displayed, and PDS users can arrange deckboards so they properly support and protect the containers. Similarly, the interface of the bottom deck of the pallet and top of the unit load is displayed, and users can arrange bottom deckboards so they align with container corners, edges and rims in order to maximize stability and prevent damage to the containers when stacking multiple unit loads in the warehouse or during shipping.

    The “PDS Pallet Specification and Drawings,” long recognized and sought by companies that use pallets, will now include a companion “PDS Unit Load Specification and Drawings”.

    PDS will remain a tool for manufacturers of wood pallets who have the expertise and knowledge to design the most practical, efficient and economical wood pallets which provide the structural adequacy to meet their customer’s unit load handling requirements. With PDS Version 5.0, wood pallet manufacturers can work collaboratively with their customers in designing the most efficient, protective and economical unit load for transport of their products.

  • Industries Served

    Manufacturers of Industrial Wood Packaging for over 100+ years

    • Pharma


    • Defense


    • Food and Beverage

      Food & Beverage

    • Industrial


    • Manufacturing


    • Packaging


    • Powders


    • Mining


  • Glossary

    Pallet Industry
    Glossary of Terms

    Here is a list of most common used terms in the pallet industry.

    more info

    ISPM 15

    Here you will find all information
    pertaining to the exporting of pallets.

    If you ship product overseas, heat treated pallets are a necessity. Treen Box & Pallet can handle all your heat treating needs. From cut to size lumber, dunnage, pallets and crating.

    more info

    Pallet Standards

    Here you will find the uniform
    standards set forth by the NWPCA

    The purpose of the NWPCA Uniform Standards is to establish recognized minimum quality requirements for the principal types of wood packaging and to provide a basis for common understanding among manufacturers, repairers, distributors, and users of wood pallets and containers.

    Uniform Standard For Wood Pallets
    Uniform Standard For Wood Containers
  • Treen Box & Pallet



    Annular Nail - pallet nail with annular (circular ring) threads rolled onto the shank.


    Banding Notch - (Strap Slot) recess or cutout on the upper edge of the stringer or the bottom of the top deckboard to allow tie-down of a unit load to the pallet deck with strapping/banding, also called the banding notch strapping - thin flat bands used to secure load to pallet.

    Bin - four-sided superstructure to be mounted on a pallet base, with or without a cover; also known as a box or container bin pallet.

    Block - rectangular, square or cylindrical deck spacer, often identified by its location within the pallet as corner block, end block, edge block, inner block, center or middle block.

    Block Pallet - a type of pallet with blocks between the pallet decks or beneath the top deck.

    Butted Deckboard - an inner deckboard placed tightly against an adjacent lead deckboard during pallet assembly.

    Bottom Deck - assembly of deckboards comprising the lower, load bearing surface of the pallet.


    CAD - computer-aided-design software that allows the design of the "right" pallet at the best value; see Pallet Design System (PDS).

    Captive Pallet - a pallet intended for use within the confines of a single facility, system or ownership; not intended to be exchanged.

    Chamfered Deckboards - deckboards with edges of one or two faces beveled, either along the full or specified length of board or between the stringers or blocks, allowing easier entry of pallet jack wheels.

    Closed Distribution System - shipping system restricted to moving goods between specified plants and facilities.

    Collar - collapsible wooden container or bin which transforms a pallet into a box.

    Cost-Pass Through - a cost-share system where the partial cost of a pallet is passed-through from the purchaser to the receiver of the pallet.

    Cost-Per-Trip - average cost of pallet use for a single one-way trip.


    Deck - one or more boards or panels comprising the top or bottom surface of the pallet.

    Deck Mat - assembly of deckboards and stringerboards, forming the deck of a block pallet.

    Deckboard - element or component of a pallet deck, oriented perpendicular to the stringer or stringerboard.

    Deckboard Spacing - distance between adjacent deckboards.

    Deckboard Span - distance between deckboard supports (stringers, stringerboards or blocks).

    Deflection - the amount of deformation or bending in a pallet or pallet component under load.

    Dimensions - when specifying pallet size, the stringer or stringerboard (block pallet) length is always expressed first; for example, a 48" x 40" pallet has a 48" stringer or stringerboard and 40" deckboards.

    Double-Face Pallet - a pallet with top and bottom deckboards extending beyond the edges of the stringers or stringerboards.

    Drive Screw Nail - helically (continuous spiral) threaded pallet nail.


    Economic Life - output from program which identifies the number of trips the pallet will make, provided it is properly repaired, which maximizes a return on investment.

    Exchange Pallet - a pallet intended for use among a designated group of shippers and receivers where ownership of the pallet is transferal with the ownership of the unit load; common pool pallet.

    Expendable Pallet - a pallet intended for a series of handlings during a single trip from shipper to receiver; it is then disposed; see shipping pallet.


    Fastener - a mechanical devise for joining pallet components such as nails, staples, bolts or screws.

    Fastener Shear Index - relative measure of shear resistance of the pallet fastener.

    Flush Pallet - a pallet with deckboards flush with the stringers, stringer-boards or blocks along the sides of the pallet.

    Fork Entry - opening between decks, beneath the top deck or beneath the stringer notch to admit forks.

    Four-Way Block Pallet - a pallet with openings at both pallet ends and along pallet sides sufficient to admit hand-pallet jacks; full four-way entry pallet.

    Free span - the distance between supports in a warehouse rack.


    Hand (Wheel) Jack Opening - space provided in the bottom deck to allow pallet jack wheels to bear on the floor.

    Handling - a single pick-up, movement and set-down of a loaded or empty pallet.

    Hardened-Steel Nail - heat-treated and tempered steel pallet nail with a MIBANT angle between 8 and 28 degrees.

    Hardwood - wood from broad-leaved species of trees (not necessarily hard or dense).

    Helical Nail - helically (continuous spiral) threaded pallet nail, see also drive screw nail.


    Inner Deckboard - any deckboard located between the end deckboards.


    Joint - intersection and connection of components, often identified by location within the pallet as the end joint, center joint and corner joint.


    Length - refers to the stringer or stringerboard (in block pallets) length; also refers to the first dimension given to describe a pallet, i.e., 48" x 40", where 48" is the pallet stringer/stringerboard length.

    Life To First Repair - output from PDS program which is equivalent to the number of trips the pallet will last before needing repair.

    Line Load - the weight of a unit load concentrated along a narrow area across the full length or width of the pallet.

    Load Bearing Surface - actual area of material in contact with and supporting a unit load.


    MIBANT Angle - the bend angle in a fastener shank when subjected to a MIBANT test.

    MIBANT Test (Morgan Impact Bend Angle Nail Tester) - standard impact nail tester used in the pallet and lumber industry as an indication of impact bend resistance of nails or staples.


    Nail - fastener made from endless wire by cutting a point and forming a head at the shank end opposite the point.

    National Wooden Pallet and Container Association - a national association with the goal of promoting the de- sign, manufacturer, distribution, recycling and sale of pallets, containers and reels.

    Non-Reversible Pallet - a pallet with bottom deckboard configuration different from top deck.

    Notch - cutout in lower portion of the stringer to allow entry for the fork tine, usually 9" in length, 1-1/2" in depth.

    Notched Stringer - a stringer with two notches spaced for fork-tine entry, (partial four-way entry).


    Opening Height - the vertical distance measured between decks, from the floor to the underside of the top deck, or from the floor to the top of the stringer notch.

    Overall height - the vertical distance measured from the floor to the top side of the top deck.

    Overhang - the distance the deck extends from the outer edge of the stringer or stringerboard; wing; lip.


    Pallet - a portable, horizontal, rigid platform used as a base for assembling, storing, stacking, handling and transporting goods as a unit load, often equipped with a superstructure.

    Pallet Design System (PDS) - reliability based computer-aided design (CAD) program, for determining the safe load carrying capacity, performance, life and economy of wooden pallets.

    Pallet-Dimensions - when specifying pallet size, the stringer or stringerboard (block pallet) length is always expressed first; for example, a 48" x 40" pallet has a 48" stringer or stringerboard and 40" deckboards.

    Pallet Jack - hand-propelled, wheeled platform, equipped with a lifting device for moving palletized unit loads.

    Pallet Life - the period during which the pallet remains useful, expressed in units of time or in the number of one-way trips.

    Panel Deck Pallet - pallet constructed with composite or structural panel top deck.

    Partial Four-Way Stringer Pallet - a pallet with notched stringers.

    Post pallet - a pallet fitted with posts or blocks between the decks or beneath the top deck; see block pallet.


    Quality - consistent performance of a uniform product meeting the customer's needs for economy and function.


    Racked Across Deckboards - output from PDS program describing the maximum load carrying capacity and deflection of a pallet where the rack frame supports the pallet only at the ends of the deckboards.

    Racked Across Stringers - output from PDS program describing the maximum load carrying capacity and deflection of a pallet where the rack frame supports the pallet only at the ends of the stringers or stringer boards.

    Repair - to remake in order to use again.

    Recycling - a pallet, container or reel that has been used, discarded, salvaged, repaired and which passes through a cycle again.

    Rental Pallet - a pallet owned by a third party, different from the actual pallet user.

    Returnable/Reusable Pallet - a pallet designed to be used for more than one trip.

    Reversible Pallet - a pallet with identical top and bottom decks.


    Shipping Pallet - pallet designed to be used for a single one-way trip from shipper to receiver; it is then disposed; see Expendable Pallet.

    Shook - cut-to-size pallet parts to be assembled into pallets.

    Shook Grade - the classification of the quality of pallet parts relative to performance characteristics based on size and distribution of defects, independent of wood species.

    Single-Wing Pallet - a pallet with the deckboards extending beyond the edges of the stringers or stringer-boards with the bottom deckboards flush (if present).

    Skid - a pallet having no bottom deck.

    Slave Pallet - pallet, platform or single, thick panel used as a support base for a palletized load in rack-storage facilities or production systems.

    Soft Nail - pallet nail with a MIBANT angle equal to or greater than 47 degrees.

    Softwood - wood from coniferous or needle-bearing species of trees (not necessarily soft or low density).

    Solid Deck Pallet - a pallet constructed with no spacing between deckboards.

    Span - the distance between stringer or block supports.

    Stevedore Pallet - a pallet designed for use on seaport shipping docks, normally of heavy-duty, double-wing construction.

    Stiff-Stock Steel Nail - pallet nail made of medium-high carbon steel without heat treatment and tempering with MIBANT angle between 29 and 46 degrees.

    Strap Slot - recess or cutout on the upper edge of the stringer or the bottom of the top deckboard to allow tie-down of a unit load to the pallet deck with strapping/banding, also called the banding notch strapping - thin flat bands used to secure load to pallet.

    Stringer - continuous, longitudinal, solid or notched beam-component of the pallet used to support deck components, often identified by location as the outside or center stringer.

    Stringerboard - in block pallets, continuous, solid board member extending for the full length of the pallet perpendicular to deckboard members and placed between deckboards and blocks.


    Take-It-Or-Leave-It Pallet - a pallet fitted with fixed cleats on the top deckboards to permit fork truck tines to pass beneath the unit load and remove it from the pallet.

    Top Cap - panel to be placed on top of a unit load to allow for tight strapping without damaging the unit load.

    Top-Deck Of The Pallet - the assembly of deckboards comprising the upper load-carrying surface of the pallet.

    Trip - consists of four to six handlings of a pallet.

    Two-Way Entry Pallet - a pallet with unnotched solid stringers allowing entry only from the ends.


    Unit Load - assembly of goods on a pallet for handling, moving, storing and stacking as a single entity.


    Warehouse Pallet - a double-face multiple trip returnable pallet intended for general warehouse use.

    Wing - overhang of deckboard end from outside edge of stringer or stringer.

  • Treen Box & Pallet

    ISPM 15

    What is ISPM15? The International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures, publication number 15 - Regulation of wood packaging material (WPM) in international trade.

    Why ISPM15? The regulations are to help prevent the worldwide spread of plant pests and diseases by using specially treated wooden packaging material (WPM).

    Who controls ISPM15? As part of the United Nations Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) controls the regulations through the cooperation of member governments of the UN.

    What is classed as WPM? ISPM15 applies to coniferous softwood and non-coniferous hardwood used as raw wood packaging material. The standard does not apply to wood packaging made wholly of manufactured wood-based products such as plywood and veneer, reconstituted wood products (particle board, chipboard, Presswood, oriented strand board, high density fibre board, and medium density fibre board) or products created using glue, heat and pressure or a combination thereof.

    How can you tell if WPM has been treated? All treated WPM will have the IPPC mark, as shown below:
    HT Stamp

    What do the markings indicate? The markings must be within a rectangular border with a vertical line separating the IPPC logo (on the left) from the identifying data.
    The border lines may be solid or broken; and the corners may be rounded.

    XX - indicates a two letter ISO country code (a link to these may be found on our Links page).
    0000 - the next series of letters/numbers is the unique identification mark of the wood treatment agent or packaging manufacturer. The number of letters or digits may vary according to each country.

    The country code and treatment agent or manufacturer code must be separated by a hyphen. YY - This indicates the type of treatment, and will either be HT (Heat Treatment) or MB (Methyl Bromide).

    The marking 'DB' (indicating debarking has taken place) is no longer used. However, as pallets may last several years, the older style of ISPM15 marking is still permissible.

  • how to find us

    Mifflintown, PA
    Manufacturing Facility

    Corporate/Sales Offices
    PO BOX 368
    Bensalem, PA 19020

    Main Plant
    400 Center Road,
    Mifflintown, PA 17059.

    Telephone: (215) 639-5100
    Fax: (215) 639-8530

    Quote Form

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    RFQ Submitted!
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  • Privacy Policy

    Manufacturers of Industrial Wood Packaging for over 100+ years

    This Privacy Policy governs the manner in which Treen Box & Pallet, Inc. collects, uses, maintains and discloses information collected from users (each, a "User") of the or website ("Site"). This privacy policy applies to the Site and all products and services offered by Treen Box & Pallet, Inc.

    Personal identification information
    We may collect personal identification information from Users in a variety of ways, including, but not limited to, when Users visit our site, register on the site, place an order, subscribe to the newsletter, respond to a survey, fill out a form, and in connection with other activities, services, features or resources we make available on our Site. Users may be asked for, as appropriate, name, email address, mailing address, phone number. Users may, however, visit our Site anonymously. We will collect personal identification information from Users only if they voluntarily submit such information to us. Users can always refuse to supply personally identification information, except that it may prevent them from engaging in certain Site related activities.

    Non-personal identification information
    We may collect non-personal identification information about Users whenever they interact with our Site. Non-personal identification information may include the browser name, the type of computer and technical information about Users means of connection to our Site, such as the operating system and the Internet service providers utilized and other similar information.

    Web browser cookies
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    How we use collected information
    Treen Box & Pallet, Inc. may collect and use Users personal information for the following purposes:

    To improve customer service
    Information you provide helps us respond to your customer service requests and support needs more efficiently.

    To personalize user experience
    We may use information in the aggregate to understand how our Users as a group use the services and resources provided on our Site.

    To improve our Site
    We may use feedback you provide to improve our products and services.

    To process payments
    We may use the information Users provide about themselves when placing an order only to provide service to that order. We do not share this information with outside parties except to the extent necessary to provide the service.

    To send periodic emails
    We may use the email address to send User information and updates pertaining to their order. It may also be used to respond to their inquiries, questions, and/or other requests.